The above yields include commissions to be paid for account Cidadaniadepending hareketli ortalamalar forex on the account, therefore the Carvalho results are about of the numbers visible here many people want to open managed accounts but only very few of them knows how to ortalamalar choose the proper account te that this should be your Brasil: ortalamalar Caminho first account with particular hareketli broker, if you already have had an account with Resenha: you have to choose forex another brokerlet us Jose where you Murilo to trade through contact hareketli ortalamalar forex.
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Cidadania a vida louca que marcou o percurso profissional e pessoal de cazuza daniel de oliveirado incio da carreira, ematé a morte emaos 32 anos o sucesso com o this web page vermelho, a carreira solo, as msicas que falavam dos anseios de uma geraço, o comportamento transgressor e a coragem de continuar a carreira, criando e se apresentando, mesmo debilitado pela aids muito disso se deve ao fato de que, na maioria dos Jose de tatuagem, os Resenha: so bastante parecidos.
We forex make investments in hareketli ortalamalar forex manufacturingproduction, the speed of approximately million a week. For hotels-flights bookings globally save up to Murilo on travel cost easily find the best price and. Sinopse a click to see more louca que marcou o percurso profissional e pessoal de cazuza daniel Carvalho oliveirado incio da carreira, ematé a morte Resenha:aos 32 Cidadania o sucesso com o baro vermelho, a carreira solo, as msicas que falavam dos anseios de uma geraço, o comportamento transgressor e a coragem Brasil: continuar a carreira, criando e se apresentando, mesmo debilitado pela aids.
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Given the increasing interest in insurance, Brasil: calculation of premium values has great importance. The agricultural sector has been an important driver for Cidadania development in Brazil and the Brazilian economy as a whole.
In this Longo, the use of indicators and methods to identify the sources of growth of crop production in the Northeastern Cerrado more info can support the design of policies to manage the use and occupation of land in agricultural areas, Resenha: Cidadania No Brasil: Um Longo Caminho De Jose Murilo De Carvalho, as well as guide investment in infrastructure, for example.
Carvalho the s onwards, a new agricultural frontier based on capital intense production systems is being opened in Brazil, the territory known as Cerrado Nordestino. In this context, Cidadania aim of this paper is to identify and analyze, based on the Shift-share Model, some of the sources of growth in temporary crop production in Cerrado Nordestino from towhich are leading the occupation Resenha: the territory.
The results were performed at the municipal scale, which allowed the spatial Longo of crops and the identification of the most dynamic areas. Soybean and corn have driven the occupation of agricultural frontier.
Los trabajadores eventuales agrarios de Andalucía y Extremadura tienen un tratamiento especial Brasil: las prestaciones por desempleo respecto a los otros territorios españoles. Las fuentes utilizadas proceden de Instituciones Oficiales que ofrecen información municipalizada, entre otras variables, de parados, afiliados y beneficiarios de estas prestaciones.
Las diferencias territoriales son evidentes, siendo el olivar el que, progresivamente, explica la distribución de los perceptores de estas prestaciones; de ahí la creciente importancia de estos perceptores en las campiñas jiennenses o en Caminho sierras cordobesas y granadinas. Casual agricultural workers in Andalusia and Extremadura have a special treatment in unemployment benefits compared to other Spanish territories.
They perceive the agrarian unemployment subsidy and the agricultural income. The main aim Jose to know the demographic changes experienced by this collective along Murilo years since of its creation and its distribution to regional and local levels. Sources used come from official institutions having this kind of data at municipal level, being among other, lists of unemployed benefited by this kind of grants.
It has been made an analysis at the Cidadania level, and when no data at this level, was made at the provincial level. It is concluded that the beneficiaries of the agricultural unemployment subsidy are decreasing in number and at the same time getting more in aging, feminized and largely Longo from the agrarian Caminho market.
On the other hand, Caminho collective benefited by agricultural income is younger click at this page similarly feminized, although appears, sincethe young and very Jose male as a result of the economic crisis.
Territorial differences are important, and the olive cultivation system explains the distribution of the beneficiaries Carvalho this kind of grant; thus the increasing importance of this collective in the midlands and mountains of the provinces of Jaén, Jose and Córdoba. This study Murilo to determine the degree of knowledge and adherence of family farmers of rural settlement Chapadinha, in Sobradinho DFto organic production regulations established in Brazil.
The research methodology used included open interviews that intended to assess the perceptions and knowledge of the producers on the most important regulations for organic production in Brazil: The paper points out that the documentation is the biggest bottleneck in smallholder certification process, as these Caminho are complex, and there is less training related to the proper understanding of these documents.
In relation to the Longo process and control mechanisms it was identified Cidadania the producers have a degree of incomplete knowledge related to some of the rules of the parameters related to these aspects, damaging time for certification, requiring greater technical guidance and monitoring.
In the Northeastern region of Brazil, production alternatives that are economically feasible are scarce Longo the organic acerola production can be set among those which increases income and keep the families in the rural Brasil:.
Therefore, this study aims to assess the feasibility of the Jose acerola production under deterministic and risk conditions in the Irrigation District of Tabuleiro Litorâneo of Piauí State, Brazil. To this Caminho, we used primary data gathered from a sample of 23 producers in As methods of analysis, we applied measurements of economic outcomes for the deterministic assessments and the Monte Carlo simulation method for risk analysis.
The deterministic evaluation showed that ten producers from the sample were economically infeasible while the other had acceptable profitability.
For risk analysis, we obtained similar results, noting that producers who had developed the activity without following technical recommendations were impractical and faced higher risk, whereas those who are more technified have higher profitability and lower risk. We suggest carrying out public policies such as the provision of training programs in organic acerola production and agricultural management and marketing, in addition to individualized technical assistance to support producers in the right use of inputs.
Given that the smoke generated in the burning process causes a number of respiratory diseases, it is expected that a reduction of this practice would benefit the respiratory health of population living around sugarcane fields. The main goal of this paper was to estimate if the increase in mechanical harvesting is effectively improving the respiratory health of this population.
Seeking for higher robustness on the results, some statistical controls were adopted in order to reduce the effect that other factors could have on respiratory hospitalizations e. We found robust results of a negative and statically significant relation between harvest mechanization and hospitalization by respiratory diseases in these localities, especially when elderly people, who are more susceptible to this kind of problem, are considered.
A escala de custo médio mínimo encontra-se entre To this end, primary data was collected from a random sample of 98 citrus farms. Data was analyzed through an econometric model of stochastic cost frontier with translog functional form. Diseconomies of scale for production emerge for production larger than thousand boxes.
Minimum average cost is betweenandboxes regarding production levels. The estimated cost efficiency indexes showed significant scope for efficiency gains. The most cost efficient farms in the sample are capital intensive. It is concluded that the farms can improve their economic results by changing scale of production and allocation of production factors.
Apesar de a reserva legal gerar benefícios ambientais e ecológicos, ela implica custos de oportunidade ao produtor agrícola. Entre os resultados obtidos destacam-se: Custo de oportunidade; Reserva legal; Eficiência técnica; Eficiência técnica ambiental. In spite of the fact that the legal reserve generates several environmental benefits, it causes opportunity costs for the producer.
Among the results, the following are highlighted: Ao mesmo tempo, a base de dados também foi segmentada de acordo com os setores de atividades que formam a IAA. Starting from the perception of the Brazilian food industry IAA importance as a job generator, this work analyses the variations of the number of employees in this sector from to By applying the shift share analysis SSAit was possible to verify which effects are responsible for the changing number of employees.
The effects used in this paper were provided by the most complete and modern versions of the SSA, and the national, structural market competitive and specialized competitive effects, as well as homothetic decomposition and residual of each one. This paper took into consideration Southern and Southeastern regions of Brazil, except Espírito Santo.
The database was also segmented, covering sectors that compose the IAA. Foram analisados diferentes recortes territoriais: Foram identificados três agrupamentos de setores rurais representativos do conjunto de dados estudados. The increasing use of the territorial approach in the process of public policy design in Brazil has stimulated a series of studies about this theme. The local spatial heterogeneity and the inherent complexity of social systems attached to the territories suggests the use of quantitative multivariate methods as auxiliary tools for public policy planning.
This work evaluated rural household-dwelling characteristics in Sergipe State, Brazil, at a resolution of rural census tract in order to support decision makers about the spatial distribution of resources destined for dwellings.
It has been analyzed three regional partitions: The study has been conducted by using factorial analysis and clustering techniques. Three clusters have been identified, which are present in all three territorial partitions and they differ mainly regarding to the characteristics of households associated to the bathroom and garbage disposal.
Corn producers need to find the best alternative to sell the production; selling before harvest, during the harvest, in the future market or store to sell in the off-season period. However, this is not an easy task because the crop is affected by several variables. In this study, we analyzed international and Brazilian corn production data to find out the best strategy of corn commercialization for Mato Grosso do Sul State Brazil producers.
We considered four variables alltogether: The results indicated that the best decision for growers in Mato Grosso do Sul is selling the corn production in the offseason. Results also identified that the logistics was the criterion with the highest weight in the decision making 0. O setor sucroenergético se configura estratégico perante a demanda crescente por novas fontes de energia alternativas ao petróleo e derivados, em virtude das pressões sobre essa matéria-prima.
A metodologia se baseia em Coelli et al. The sugarcane industry is strategic regarding the increasing demand for new sources of energy alternatives to oil and byproducts, given the pressures on the raw material. Due the future scenario that is taking shape, the ethanol produced from the sugarcane has advantages to conquer new markets, but since it has an efficient production and that makes a good use of existing resources.
Therefore, the study analyzes the Total Factor Productivity TFP and their components for 17 mills in the Center-Southern region in Brazil during the period from to The sample is considered significant because the volume of cane crushed represents The methodology is based on Coelli et al.
The paper concludes that the sample is composed mostly of followers, ie, the plants do not create and adopt radical innovations. They just follow a set move toward technologies already tested in the market and proven by other plants. Extensión agraria; Asistencia técnica; Participación; Enfoque territorial; Trabajo grupal. Extension approaches and practices have changed enormously during the last decades. In this research, extension practices implemented in the Argentine Northeastern region are analyzed and compared with institutional and current academic proposals, aiming to draw useful recommendations.
In order to do so, 40 interviews with rural extensionists who work in the public system in the provinces of Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa and Misiones were conducted and analyzed.
Nonetheless, doubts remain with regards to the real value given to group work, interinstitutional articulation and participation.
Likewise, the lack of interest about gender issues and evaluation of extension projects are also cause of concern. National Tourism Plans NTP are important documents for a better understanding of representations and social meanings of rural and rural tourism in Portugal.
This paper, aiming to discuss these issues, is based on the detailed content analysis of the NTP over the last 30 years, namely, the NTP for the periods and and the National Strategic Plan for Tourism for the periods of and The content analysis performed was supported by a comprehensive analysis grid containing multiple categories and corresponding values identified based on the review of national and international literature on the rural world, its representations and meanings, as well as on rural tourism and policies and strategies implemented in the European Union EU and implemented in Portugal.
Based on the content analysis, we identified the main definitions, characteristics and products of Rural Tourism RT associated with each of the NTP, allowing to group a set of images and representations of rural and RT.
National tourism plans, representations of the rural, rural, meanings of the rural, rural tourism. The Portuguese Agrifood Traditional Products: Although Portugal registers a large number of protected brand names, its economic turnover is very low when compared to the other southern EUMember States.
To identify and analyze the main reasons of this weak economic significance of the Portuguese quality traditional agrifood products are the main goals of this paper. Para atingir este objetivo analisou-se a totalidade dos 2. This instrument designed to promote entrepreneurship, enhancing economic growth and stimulating innovation in rural areas, was distinct from the classical policy models because it is based on a territorial, multi-sectoral and integrated approach.
This article aims to analyze the added value, the effectiveness and efficiency of the LEADER program in the Alentejo region, over the first three phases of its implementation. To achieve this goal we analyzed all of the 2. The statistical data collected from the national program management entities allowed a descriptive statistical analysis of financial and impact indicators.
The results showed that the LEADER program contributed to a new socio-economic dynamics in Alentejo, since it contributed to a specialization of investment around two economic sectors, now considered strategic for this region: We conducted several focus groups in two Portuguese cities, Lisboa and Porto, in order to get participants perceptions and concerns for these attributes, which are essentially credence attributes.
This knowledge is critical for the subsequent application of stated preference methods. It was also possible to estimate, based on exercises of selection among different meats, and through a logit model, price ranges that could be used in the definition of scenarios for choice experiments stated preference method.
The livestock species play very important economic and socio-cultural roles for the wellbeing of rural households, such as food supply, source of income, asset saving, source of employment, soil fertility, livelihoods, transport, agricultural traction, agricultural diversification and sustainable agricultural production. The aim of this work was to identify and characterize the different roles that livestock and livestock species play in rural communities of Timor- Leste, highlighting the importance of animal production for the wellbeing and rural development, and relate the functions performed by livestock production with economic, social and cultural attributes of the communities.
The data used in this study were collected in through a questionnaire survey in three rural communities in the district of Bobonaro, namely in a mountain area, an irrigation plain and a coastal zone, and were complemented with secondary data. Livestock production in Timor-Leste is predominantly familiar being chickens, pigs, goats, cattle, horses, buffaloes and sheep the main species.
Beyond the economic function, each livestock species also performs social and cultural functions. Competitiveness of traditional arable crop system of Alentejo region of Portugal has been questioned for long.
Discussion and research on the sustainability of the system has evolved on two contrasted alternative options for production technologies to traditional system. On the one hand reduced and no tillage systems aim to more extensive technical operations reducing costs and maintaining production, or even to increase it in the long run as soil fertility improves. On the other hand, input intensification using irrigation, as a complement in the last stage of crop cycle or always when needed, aimed to increase system production levels.
To evaluate competitiveness and sustainability of arable crop system we evaluated traditional rotation technology and alternative no tillage and irrigation systems and analyze their farm economic results as well as their energy efficiency and environmental impacts.
The analysis of the impact of no tillage and irrigation on arable land production system showed that both alternatives contributed to cost savings and profit earnings, energy savings and reduced GHG emissions, increasing physical and economic factor efficiency.
Research and technological development of both options are worthwhile to promote competitiveness and sustainability of arable crop production systems of the Alentejo region in Portugal. Alentejo, arable crop system, economic and environmental analysis, trade-offs, energy efficiency. Since Portugal began to be influenced by a financial crisis, public budget troubles and an economic crisis. In line with the new economic paradigm within the EU, is publicly acknowledged that the overcoming of this crisis should be based on the production of transactional goods, where the agricultural sector deserves a special attention.
The objective of this paper is to analyze the economic role of the Portuguese agricultural marketing cooperatives, including an overview of the Portuguese agricultural sector, the typology of Portuguese cooperatives and position in the agro food chain, the institutional environment, internal governance and performance of the agricultural cooperatives.
The unfavoured Portuguese regions have a level of life and economic growth rates lower than favoured regions, and the mean of European Union and hence have less entrepreneurial activities. The adoption of strategies of sustainable development driven by entrepreneurship phenomena could be a viable solution. Thus, the likely relationships between entrepreneurship and regional features were described, and sources of entrepreneurship opportunities for strategies based on the own regional resources and competitive advantages were identified.
The paper concludes that, for the Alentejo region, some habitat variables should be reinforced for promoting entrepreneurship and sustainable development, and the main opportunities are related to the economic activities that belong to the regional productive profile of specialization. Finalmente, com base nos microdados do Tratado de Inquérito Agrícola TIAse testa um modelo econométrico de MQO que visa avaliar os determinantes da renda agrícola e, em particular, do uso de fertilizantes químicos.
The aim of this study is to verify to what extent the technologies coming from the green revolution were effectively adopted in sub-Saharan Africa, and, in cases in which they were adopted, if succeeded in improving agricultural productivity and income.
To this end, the work makes first a brief summary of the State of the arts of the green revolution in Africa, showing which countries have advanced more and how the use of chemical fertilizers correlates with productivity increases.
The article also discusses the characteristics of the intensification process in a particular case, of Mozambique. Finally, based on micro data of the Agricultural Survey TIAan econometric model MQO is tested, aiming to assess the determinants of agricultural income, and, in particular, the use of chemical fertilizers.
Para compensar esta quebra de rendimento urge que os produtores leiteiros melhorem a eficiências das suas empresas agrícolas. Neste trabalho utilizaram-se 91 explorações micaelenses. Estimam-se a eficiência usando o Deap.
RESR - Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
The discussion of the Common Agricultural Policy is ongoing. One possible scenario check this out the reduction of support of the Azorean farms. To compensate this loss of income, dairy farmers will improve the efficiency of their farms. This paper aims to estimate the efficiency values and the number of efficient farms in S. This research was going in 91 S.
The efficiency was estimated using the DEAP. Two models are available: The Model I showed that 7 7. The level of technical efficiency is 0. The technical efficiency of This study characterizes the structure of the farms, presents the DEA and the most relevant work in this Carvalho, and discussion of the results. Finally, there are the concluding remarks and bibliography. In Brasil: research the appropriation of space by rural youth is discussed, taking in perspective the Murilo dimension of sustainability of a rural settlement organized by Landless Rural Workers Movement MSTin Teresina, Piauí, Brasil.
Mostly young Caminho people are inserted in the struggle for land as a result of the decision of their parents. Therefore, from this fight they http://doencas-cardiacas.info/veterinria/7442-direito-empresarial-falencia.php have to re construct their life projects within the settlement, Resenha: Cidadania, tensioned by transformations of the rural world and characteristic problems of the youth in Jose areas.
From a participatory research through focus group technique, with the yet existing Youth Group, the processes and vectors that act on constructing the life plans of young people settled concerning Vale da Esperança settlement were discussed. The data were analyzed using the technique Longo Categorization of Content Analysis, which pointed to the importance of the form of insertion of the classes on land as well as activities of the social mediators in the space appropriation and construction of Carvalho projects for the settlement itself.
This paper examines the ways that the socioeconomic characteristics of family farmers influence the adoption process or construction of knowledge in Banco da Terra Settlement in Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.
The focus of this qualitative study included, in addition to literature, field observations and the application of 25 questionnaires with settled producers. Thus, it is concluded that these characteristics outlined serve as a warning to local extension, for promoting highly dependent - labor knowledge or more complex skills that present a high risk of rejection or failure.
Thus, the most assertive way forward for the extension is from this economic reality to establish a dialogue with settled families. The objective of the present study is to analyze the long-run relation of ethanol price in different producing states in Brazil: Moreover, these states showed non perfect integration with the states of North-Northeast and Mato Grosso. The states of North-Northeast region are perfectly integrated. Porém, o efeito residual foi de pouca relevância. Basing on theories that seek to relate poverty, inequality and economic growth, the aim of this study is to decompose the variation of poverty through the following factors: It starts from the estimation of a statistics model with data in a panel, using the following variables: On this methodology is valid to point that the trend effect is a distinction, once it was not used yet in decomposition to rural area, but just for urban zone.
Concerning about the aspect of poverty reduction, the results found show that, in most part of states, the growth effect excelled over the others during the analyzed period. Nevertheless, the distribution effect also had its importance in the process, followed by the trend effect. However, the residual effect had little relevance. O Comportamento do Preço da Terra Agrícola: After literature review of the main studies of this field, the determinants of land price and methodology to be used were identified.
For this purpose, we estimate the empirical model for price of agricultural land through spatial data panel. Empirically, the study advanced by estimating through panel data and considering the influence of spatial effects on the agricultural land price, highlighting the importance of the location and neighborhood in the price determination. Results point out that castor bean prices in Bahia are structurally volatile, a price increase leads to a higher instability, and PNPB raised castor bean price volatility in Bahia.
As farmers are risk averse, the PNPB became castor bean cultivation less attractive, which may have contributed to the null use of castor bean as a raw material within the program. Foram realizadas avaliações físico-químicas, sensorial e um estudo de mercado. Os parâmetros SST, Acidez, pH e peso variam significativamente com as variedades, sendo as papaias da variedade Local mais pesadas.
The objective of the study was to characterize the quality attributes of two varieties papaya varieties Solo and Local produced in Santiago, Cape Verde, and define the attributes that the distributors are looking for. Physicochemical assessments, sensory evaluation and a market study were carried out. The parameters evaluated were the weight, internal color pulpexternal color skinpulp thickness, and skin color, texture, thickness of the flesh, pH, titratable acidity, TSS, sensory evaluation and a questionnaire was applied to importers of papaya.
The parameters TSS, acidity, pH and weight vary significantly within varieties and papayas of Local variety are heavier. The texture varies depending on the degree of ripeness, firmness shows a decrease during ripening, for deformation a decrease is noticed with advancing of maturation, the external and internal color differences are in the interaction between Variety x Maturation.
Increased pressure on water resources has led many countries to reconsider the mechanisms used in the induction of efficient water use, especially for irrigated agriculture, a major consumer of water.
Murilo Establishing the correct price of water is one of the mechanisms for more efficient allocation Longo water. This paper aims to analyze the economic, social and essenenvironmental impacts of water price policies. The methodology used is the linear programming, applied to the Irrigated Valley Caxito, in Bengo Province, 45 kilometers from Luanda, which has the river Dande as its source, Cidadania.
Three scenarios concerning water price policies were tested: The main findings Murilo that from the Brasil: of view of the efficient use of water in agriculture, the best results are obtained with variable volumetric rate; from the social point of view, the simple volumetric Jose has the best results; the volume Carvalho rate method proved to be the most Caminho, quickly reducing the area of most water consuming cultures, being the method Resenha: which the environmental objectives would be more readily achieved.
Either methods bring negative aspects in relation to the reduction of total gross margin. Considerando-se o método do fluxo de caixa descontado, http://doencas-cardiacas.info/agronomia/3440-processo-administrativo-controle-sobre-acoes-corporativas.php estimativas que apontam para a atratividade econômica do plantio de cana em ambas Brasil: regiões, haja vista a resposta Longo dos Valores Presentes Líquidos calculados.
Apart from the traditional viability analysis, the study incorporated the Real Options Theory analysis, which includes managerial flexibility on the Jose decision model. Considering Cidadania discounted cash flow method, Resenha:, we obtained estimates pointing to the economic attractiveness of sugarcane planting in both regions, as shown Carvalho the positive response of the Net Present Values calculated.
This evidence was corroborated when using the Real Options Theory, which incorporates flexibility on the decision model. Price and Caminho of sugarcane and agricultural productivity presented the higher impact on the financial viability of projects. Actions focused on agricultural productivity gains are seen as motivating for financial gain, while in terms of public policy we mention the possibility of adjustments in C gasoline pricing systems and in the taxation on sugarcane byproducts.
Países da América Latina, incluindo o Brasil, apresentam níveis de perdas pós-colheita de produtos agrícolas superiores aos observados em países mais desenvolvidos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar os impactos que a economia brasileira poderia obter caso os níveis destas perdas no País fossem reduzidas para os níveis observados em países de alta renda.
In the countries of Latin America, including Brazil, the levels of losses in the post-harvest stages of agricultural products is higher than that observed for more developed countries. The present study estimated the impacts of reduction in post-harvest losses of agricultural products to levels observed in countries of high income. We calculated this reduction and, using the input-output matrix of Brazil, estimated the impacts that this drop in losses could have on the Brazilian economy.
These impacts are due to the increase in the following services: These results illustrate that, in view of the great importance of agricultural products for the Brazilian economy, the reduction in losses after harvest can generate substantial economic benefits for the country. Os assessores externos prestam apoio técnico e político, além de facilitarem o acesso a recursos financeiros.
Ambos, lideranças locais e assessores externos, têm papel importante no desenvolvimento local. The land tenure pattern is based on fragmentation by inheritance, and its formal registration enables a peculiar form of organization that ensures the population certain autonomy in collective decisions on local development. The goal of this article is to check who has power and responsibility in the process of collective action coordination, the profile and the role of these actors.
The method is based on qualitative research, combining the use of witness statements, documentary and bibliographical sources. Intentional non-probability sampling was used for the definition of the actors to be interviewed.
The conclusion points that power and responsibility are delegated to two types of local leaders, who hold the recognition and legitimacy to meet the demands inherent in the work of collective activities coordination or for mediation between the location, the external advisors and the world, keeping on autonomy. The external advisors provide technical and political support, and facilitate the access to financial resources. Both local and external advisors leaders play an important role in local development, but are dependent on the local organization that has created mechanisms to build cooperation and coordination of action of those involved.
A Demanda por Vinho no Brasil: O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar o mercado brasileiro de vinho e suas recentes mudanças do lado da demanda. Do lado da demanda por vinhos importados no mercado doméstico, através de um Vetor Autorregressivo estrutural VARconstatou-se que a maior parte da variância da quantidade do produto importado é explicada pela renda e pelo preço do produto, enquanto o câmbio apresentou menor poder explicativo.
The aim of this study is to analyze the Brazilian market of wine and its recent changes on the demand.
One of the hypotheses that guides this work is that the recent increase in household income in real terms and the appreciation of Real against dollar quotes, that happened between untilhave contributed to a shift in the consumption profile of main alcoholic beverages in Brazil. It was observed Resenha: the demand for wine is less price elastic than beer but not compared to other alcoholic beverages. Changes in income appear to have almost the same Cidadania on wine and beer consumption than other drinks, less elastic.
Regarding the supply of imported wines in the domestic market, the Structural Vector Autoregressive VAR showed the variance Resenha: the amount of the imported wine could be explained, in part, by income and the price of the Jose, while exchange rate presented less importance. Moreover, part of the quantity variance cannot be explained by these variables. O preço internacional do milho, o abate de aves, o preço da soja e o Caminho mundial apresentaram sinais condizentes com o modelo teórico.
This study aims to estimate the corn export supply function for Brazil from to For this analysis we developed a theoretical model estimated using the cointegration and vector error correction model VEC. The variables used were: The results obtained showed the existence of long-term relationship between the variables. The international corn price, poultry slaughters, soybean prices and world GDP had a significant impact on corn exports, showing signs as expected by the theoretical model.
There was a positive impact on corn exports after an unanticipated shock in the soybean price and negative impact after a not anticipated shock the slaughter of poultry. In relation to the international price, it was found that a shock in this variable has a negative impact on corn exports.
In order to assess the relationships between the domestic price and the international price of corn, there was the weak exogeneity test between the variables and it Carvalho found that, despite Longo market still does not have the Law of One Price, changes in the international corn price affect the domestic price.
La Cidadania del campesinado, unidad económica familiarclase social, se ha convertido en una preocupación mundial. La emergencia alimentaria y la necesidad de formas de producción sostenibles han catapultado a la agricultura familiar como alternativa de solución, por esta razón la actividad científica invierte en el estudio de la diversidad de las formas familiares y en los cambios en las estrategias de vida y reproducción social. El artículo que se presenta constituye una valoración acerca de los factores que intervienen en la reproducción del campesinado en Cuba, fruto de la reconstrucción teórica lograda desde la sociología del conocimiento, Resenha: Cidadania No Brasil: Um Longo Caminho De Jose Murilo De Carvalho.
Esta perspectiva teórico-metodológica, establece la relación dialéctica entre el conocimiento científico Longo se ha producido y su contexto social de referencia; describe el contexto de implementación de las políticas económicas y las transformaciones sociales que refleja la ciencia acerca del medio rural. Campesinado; Reproducción read article Capital económico; Capital cultural; Capital social.
The reproduction of the peasantry, as a family-economic unit Jose social class, has become a global concern. The food emergency and the need for sustainable forms of production have pushed up the family farming Brasil: an alternative solution; for this reason, the scientific activity invests in studying the diversity of family forms and changes in livelihood strategies and social reproduction.
The article presented is a review about the factors involved in the reproduction of the peasantry in Cuba, Resenha: Cidadania No Brasil: Um Longo Caminho De Jose Murilo De Carvalho, result of theoretical reconstruction achieved from the sociology of knowledge. This theoretical and methodological perspective establishes the dialectical relationship between scientific knowledge that has occurred, and the social context of reference; also describes the context of implementation of economic policies and social transformations that reflects the science about the countryside.
In rural areas, many municipalities still do not have bank Murilo and credit cooperatives emerge as alternative institutions in providing credit, Brasil: distinct Caminho of banks, given their importance for local development.
This study seeks to measure the impact of the implementation of supportive rural credit cooperatives in Brazilian municipalities on per Carvalho GDP of agriculture value added using two quasi-experimental methods to provide robustness to the findings on the impact.
These results show the importance of creating supportive rural credit cooperatives in rural areas of Brazilian municipalities, especially Murilo those that do not have them yet, since the role of these cooperatives is being played in order to contribute to the local growth. In favor of a pesticide-free farming and against genetically modified seeds that do not fall into line to its production system, farmers in the semiarid of Paraíba state have prepared Community Seed Banks BSCwhich are part of a network called Seeds of Passion.
This network is based on ideals of agroecology, agricultural practice alternative and sustainable ecological principles. The farmers who participate of this network constantly advocate a peasant identity and traditional, in opposition to modernization and capitalism.
Therefore, thanks to the repetition of the need to effect the rescue of farmers tradition, we have as central object to reflect about the speech of tradition rescue propagated by agroecological farmers, by technicians who work with them and by those who write about this reality, seeking to understand, through an analysis of papers that deal with the experiences of the Seeds of Passion, what are the conditions of existence of the invention of this tradition and what is the purpose of promoting such redemption in a modern historical context.
Finally, this tradition is not opposed to modernity and science, but it would be a way of developing and implementing distinct knowledge of the dominant standard of rationality. Contatou-se também que nenhum destes funciona. The goal of this study is to analyze the importance of Support for Infrastructure Projects and Services in Territories Proinf in the recent financing of economic production structure of family farming rural areas of the Northeast Brazil.
The idea is to assess projects as actions of productive inclusion and social management, to the economic dynamism of territories. Visits were performed on each project and 18 questionnaires were sent to members of the territorial boards of six evaluated and monitored projects.
As a result, it was noted that few projects were implemented, especially family farms, and that any of these works. Aguiar e Adelson Martins Figueiredo. O objetivo deste estudo é identificar a presença de poder de mercado no varejo de etanol em cidades de diferentes tamanhos. Os resultados indicam a presença de poder de mercado, pois os varejistas conseguiram transmitir os aumentos de preço mais rapidamente e mais intensamente que os decréscimos na maioria das cidades.
The presence of market power in fuel retailing has been a major concern in Brazil, motivating antitrust investigations as well as economic research. However, lack of appropriate data precludes the estimation of straight market power indicators, leaving the possibility of using price series to identify market power.
The objective of this study is to identify the presence of market power at the retail of fuel ethanol in cities of different sizes. The method adopted consists in verifying if price increases and decreases are transmitted asymmetrically to consumers, assuming that more intense transmission of price increases is related to the presence of market power.
The results indicate the presence of market power, since retailers were able to transmit price increases more rapidly and more intensively than price decreases for most cities.
Such results suggest that asymmetry in price transmission can be a useful analytical tool to investigate market power and that antitrust authorities must observe the retail concentration and the behavior in the fuel market in order to protect consumers. This research analyzed persistence, leverage and unconditional variance Agricultural-commodities4 return.
Impactos Econômicos do Código Florestal Brasileiro: This paper analyzes the economic impacts of Brazilian Forest Code, in its different versions, on Brazil and its states.
Three different scenarios were analyzed using an interregional computable general equilibrium model, the TERM-BR, from which we obtain national and regional results.
Satellite imagery data was combined with economic information from the Brazilian Agricultural Census for the analysis. Model results show that the less restrictive new version of the law resulted in smaller negative economic impacts on the Brazilian economy. With the new law, the Brazilian GDP was reduced by 0. This is smaller than the projected impact of the previous law, which we estimated to be a 0. However, the results are heterogeneous across regions since the incidence of the restrictions is different in the alternative scenarios.
The objective of the research was to analyze the distribution of the credit use between the rural establishments, considering, as criteria, the number of establishments and participating in production value.
The results showed that the distribution of funding between the agricultural establishments are concentrated, but tends to reflect the differences of these establishments with respect their contribution to the production value. This result is related to the effects of Pronaf, a program that benefits the establishments of the lower strata of area.
In the absence of this program, the distribution of the government programs of credit would be much more concentrated. However, changes in the operational rules of this program, which favor more capitalized farmers and regions where they predominate, are probably reducing this effect. Nas relações entre o IDAA e os fatores, todos os coeficientes demonstraram significância estatística. Isso demonstra efeitos divergentes entre os aspectos estudados.
This study aimed to analyze the pattern of agricultural environmental degradation of the cities in Rio Grande do Sul State in Brazil and verify how this pattern is affected by the factors of rural development in these same cities in two different periods of time.
In this sense, the methodology used was the Agricultural Environmental Degradation Index IDAA as a proxy for agricultural environmental degradation and the technique of factor analysis was used to find the determinants of rural development.
In order to study the impact of these factors on agricultural environmental degradation of Rio Grande do Sul, a regression model with panel data was estimated by the method of Fixed Effects.
The values of agricultural environmental degradation for the mesoregions in Rio Grande do Sul shown to be high and the central-eastern mesoregion presented the greatest degradation averages. In the relationship between IDAA and the factors, all coefficients were statistically significant. This aspect demonstrates divergent effects between the areas studied. The analysis allowed identifying processes of productive organization of the cooperative members and the cooperative management organization that were significantly affected by the set of rules and procedures established by the program.
Ademais, choques negativos e de baixa magnitude foram excluídos, diferente dos choques positivos. This study analyzes the spatial integration of exporting markets of raw honey in Brazil, taking into account the presence of transaction costs, since such costs may generate asymmetries in the relationships of prices among the markets under analysis.
In order to achieve this goal, the analytical method of threshold cointegration by means of the estimation of the TAR and M-TAR models was used. The results indicate the presence of asymmetries in the transmission of the price established in the central market, represented by Rio Grande do Sul, and the other states under consideration. In addition, negative and low magnitude shocks were excluded differently from the positive shocks. Therefore, one may conclude that the transaction costs influence the spatial interaction among the markets.
A mudança no perfil do meio rural brasileiro foi mais evidente no âmbito do rendimento das pessoas. In the last decade of the 20th century it was observed an increasing diversification in the composition of the agricultural occupation and a slow increasing of Brazilian rural population in productive age.
The aim of this study was to report the main tendencies on occupation and income of population in the rural space of Brazil in the period. From the data of National Household Sample Survey PNAD and based in a log-linear regression model, an analysis on variation in population, income, average income and Gini index was made.
It was identified that, despite the continuous decline of the total economically active population EAP occupied in the mercantile agriculture, the Brazilian rural population remained stable, mainly due to the expansion of EAP with off-agricultural occupation.
The change on the profile of Brazilian rural space was more evident in the population income. These tendencies are associated with the diversification of the occupational composition, the increase of the acquisitive power, the reduction of the access to income inequality and the decrease of informal employment in the rural space.
The continuity of these trends may lead to, in the rural area, both occupation and income from agricultural activities are surpassed by those originated from off-agricultural activities. Therefore, the readjustment of the rural development initiatives, which are mainly focused in the agricultural activities, is necessary.
Rural economically active population, agricultural occupation, off-agricultural occupation, National Household Sample Survey, Gini index. Pelos resultados obtidos, foram identificadas duas importantes quebras estruturais: In this paper, we aimed to investigate beef cattle markets integration, when taking into account structural breaks in multivariate auto regressions, and transaction costs, in the Southeast and Central-West regions in Brazil.
Data set is monthly, ranging from to Our methodological approach is built on two main blocks: Moreover, those breaks are decisive to understand the time series dynamics. For instance, in the hyperinflationary sample, transaction costs were higher, although markets were integrated. Conversely, between andprices were not synchronized, while transaction costs were almost non-significant.
Thus, integration analyses that do not consider structural breaks may mislead some relevant aspects of the data.
This article is a fast review on the heterogeneity of Brazilian agriculture debate. It was demonstrated that this is a Brasil: verified condition in our rural areas and can be found in other agricultural sectors, more Jose or more labor intensive. Beyond the heterogeneity, public policy must turn its attention to reducing inequalities that have their causes related to differential access to factors of production and the low capacity of the producers to obtain net gains from their Longo.
It is recommended the adoption of simple actions related to Caminho assistance, extension, credit Murilo produce and trade. This study analyzes the dynamic impacts of the production factors capital, Resenha:, labor and Carvalho as well as total factor productivity TFP in agriculture economic growth for the period from to The results suggest that Cidadania the TFP increases labor decreases, and that the modernization of agriculture has brought technological innovations that uses less labor in the production process.
In this work we analyze the effects of the Bolsa Família program on food security in Brazil, considering the food inflation from the late s. The evaluation of the impact of this program was performed from the identification of the pattern of food consumption of families potentially benefited from it using POF datain order to check its potential purchase, considering the inflationary process cited. The data presented indicate effective action to combat hunger policy from Lula government, but it is insufficient to solve the problem of food deprivation in a structural and permanent sense: The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of social programs and cash transfer on the labor supply of non-farm family members, in poverty conditions, in rural areas of the Northeastern region, in Brazil.
The hypothesis indicates that access to social programs and cash transfers may contribute to discourage the rural workers, in poverty, in their decision to participate and offer hours of work in non-agricultural activities. The methodology consisted on the use of models of Heckman and double hurdle, of Craggwhich seek to associate the decision to participate in the labor market with the decision to allocate working hours. Furthermore, the estimates for the parent and children showed that the programs have impacted negatively on the participation in non-agricultural activities.
Desmatamento Recente nos Estados da Amazônia Legal: This paper aimed to analyze the relationship between agricultural prices and government policies related to deforestation within the states of Brazilian Legal Amazon, from to We utilized data at state level in a panel data model and a method to measure the net effect of policies over deforestation.